Ændre opstarts rækkefølge i GRUB

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thj01
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Tilmeldt: 21. nov 2006, 10:06
Geografisk sted: Fredericia

Ændre opstarts rækkefølge i GRUB

Indlægaf thj01 » 13. dec 2006, 09:03

Da jeg har flere brugere herhjemme må jeg have WinXP til at starte op som defaut lidt endnu.

Det kræver lidt arbejde, for der skal ændres i en fil

skriv i terminal : gksudo gedit /boot/grub/menu.lst

Min fil ser ud som følgende. Jeg har markeret med pile, fed og rød der hvor der skal ændres. Ændringerne er i starten af filen

Jeg har ændret følgende :

    Grub venter i 3 sekunder i stedet for 10
    Windows XP starter op som standard


Skulle der være en der har styr på det med at lægge et baggrundsbillede ind i GRUB så ville det være rart med en vejledning i et indlæg nedenunder!

# menu.lst - See: grub(8), info grub, update-grub(8)
# grub-install(8), grub-floppy(8),
# grub-md5-crypt, /usr/share/doc/grub
# and /usr/share/doc/grub-doc/.

## default num
# Set the default entry to the entry number NUM. Numbering starts from 0, and
# the entry number 0 is the default if the command is not used.
#
# You can specify 'saved' instead of a number. In this case, the default entry
# is the entry saved with the command 'savedefault'.
# WARNING: If you are using dmraid do not change this entry to 'saved' or your
# array will desync and will not let you boot your system.
default 4 <--------

## timeout sec
# Set a timeout, in SEC seconds, before automatically booting the default entry
# (normally the first entry defined).
timeout 3 <-------

## hiddenmenu
# Hides the menu by default (press ESC to see the menu)
#hiddenmenu

# Pretty colours
#color cyan/blue white/blue

## password ['--md5'] passwd
# If used in the first section of a menu file, disable all interactive editing
# control (menu entry editor and command-line) and entries protected by the
# command 'lock'
# e.g. password topsecret
# password --md5 $1$gLhU0/$aW78kHK1QfV3P2b2znUoe/
# password topsecret

#
# examples
#
# title Windows 95/98/NT/2000
# root (hd0,0)
# makeactive
# chainloader +1
#
# title Linux
# root (hd0,1)
# kernel /vmlinuz root=/dev/hda2 ro
#

#
# Put static boot stanzas before and/or after AUTOMAGIC KERNEL LIST

### BEGIN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST
## lines between the AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST markers will be modified
## by the debian update-grub script except for the default options below

## DO NOT UNCOMMENT THEM, Just edit them to your needs

## ## Start Default Options ##
## default kernel options
## default kernel options for automagic boot options
## If you want special options for specific kernels use kopt_x_y_z
## where x.y.z is kernel version. Minor versions can be omitted.
## e.g. kopt=root=/dev/hda1 ro
## kopt_2_6_8=root=/dev/hdc1 ro
## kopt_2_6_8_2_686=root=/dev/hdc2 ro
# kopt=root=UUID=ad04aaae-d221-4c30-8885-ac05f820f87e ro
# kopt_2_6=root=/dev/hda3 ro

## default grub root device
## e.g. groot=(hd0,0)
# groot=(hd0,2)

## should update-grub create alternative automagic boot options
## e.g. alternative=true
## alternative=false
# alternative=true

## should update-grub lock alternative automagic boot options
## e.g. lockalternative=true
## lockalternative=false
# lockalternative=false

## additional options to use with the default boot option, but not with the
## alternatives
## e.g. defoptions=vga=791 resume=/dev/hda5
# defoptions=quiet splash

## should update-grub lock old automagic boot options
## e.g. lockold=false
## lockold=true
# lockold=false

## altoption boot targets option
## multiple altoptions lines are allowed
## e.g. altoptions=(extra menu suffix) extra boot options
## altoptions=(recovery) single
# altoptions=(recovery mode) single

## controls how many kernels should be put into the menu.lst
## only counts the first occurence of a kernel, not the
## alternative kernel options
## e.g. howmany=all
## howmany=7
# howmany=all

## should update-grub create memtest86 boot option
## e.g. memtest86=true
## memtest86=false
# memtest86=true

## should update-grub adjust the value of the default booted system
## can be true or false
# updatedefaultentry=false

## ## End Default Options ##

title Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.17-10-generic
root (hd0,2)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.17-10-generic root=/dev/hda3 ro quiet splash
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.17-10-generic
quiet
savedefault
boot

title Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.17-10-generic (recovery mode)
root (hd0,2)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.17-10-generic root=/dev/hda3 ro single
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.17-10-generic
boot

title Ubuntu, memtest86+
root (hd0,2)
kernel /boot/memtest86+.bin
quiet
boot

### END DEBIAN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST

# This is a divider, added to separate the menu items below from the Debian
# ones.
title Other operating systems:
root


# This entry automatically added by the Debian installer for a non-linux OS
# on /dev/hda1
title Microsoft Windows XP Professional
root (hd0,0)
savedefault
makeactive
chainloader +1
Senest rettet af thj01 15. dec 2006, 11:58, rettet i alt 2 gange.

FrostEyes
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Tilmeldt: 20. nov 2006, 23:27
Geografisk sted: Odense

Ændre opstarts rækkefølge i GRUB

Indlægaf FrostEyes » 14. dec 2006, 09:22

Her er min grub.conf - svarende til menu.lst på et ubuntu system.
Jeg har et splash billede liggende på min boot partition i form af "splash.xpm.gz" og loader det med kommandoen

splashimage=(hd0,0)/boot/grub/splash.xpm.gz

Kig evt. nærmere på "man grub" og "info grub" for information omkring grub opsætning.

Kode: Vælg alt

# Which listing to boot as default. 0 is the first, 1 the second etc.
default 0
# How many seconds to wait before the default listing is booted.
timeout 30
# Nice, fat splash-image to spice things up :)
# Comment out if you don't have a graphics card installed
splashimage=(hd0,0)/boot/grub/splash.xpm.gz

title=Gentoo Linux 2.6.17-r7
# Partition where the kernel image (or operating system) is located
root (hd0,0)
kernel /boot/kernel-2.6.17-gentoo-r7 root=/dev/hda5 \
video=vesafb-tng:1680x1050-32@60

# Til en gang i fremtiden
# splash=silent,theme:emergence CONSOLE=/dev/tty1
#initrd /boot/fbsplash-emergence-1024x768

# The next four lines are dualboot with a Windows system
title=Windows XP
rootnoverify (hd0,1)
makeactive
chainloader +1

title=Gentoo Linux 2.6.15-r1 - gammel kerne
# Partition where the kernel image (or operating system) is located
root (hd0,0)
kernel /boot/kernel-2.6.15-gentoo-r1 root=/dev/hda5 \
If it moves, compile it.
Larry the Cow (Gentoo)

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